Stubhub refund in different currency triggers forex fees. Is this legit?
I sold tickets on Stubhub for events in Canada. Stubhub paid me, sometimes in USD and sometimes in CAD, to my PayPal account. These events were just officially cancelled and Stubhub sent an email saying they would charge me for the cancelled events. They immediately charged one of my credit cards on file, a USD Amex, in CAD for all of the events. The resulting credit card forex fees were $90. Of course I agree I should re-pay Stubhub for the cancelled events. My issue is that 1) they arbitrarily used a different payment method than how the transaction was originally carried out (Paypal vs credit card) and 2) they sometimes charged the refund in a different currency than the original transaction. I assume they've covered themselves with their TOS, and I'm out $90. It's just infuriating because I would have happily and immediately paid them in whatever currency they wanted if they had just asked before proceeding to charge my USD card. Is this type of thing allowed? PS I should mention I'm not a professional scalper - I moved cities and needed to sell season tickets I had from before. After stubhub fees, I barely break even.
Which are your Top 5 favourite coins out of the Top 100? An analysis.
I am putting together my investment portfolio for 2018 and made a complete summary of the current Top 100. Interestingly, I noticed that all coins can be categorized into 12 markets. Which markets do you think will play the biggest role in the coming year? Here is a complete overview of all coins in an excel sheet including name, market, TPS, risk profile, time since launch (negative numbers mean that they are launching that many months in the future) and market cap. You can also sort by all of these fields of course. Coins written in bold are the strongest contenders within their market either due to having the best technology or having a small market cap and still excellent technology and potential. https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1s8PHcNvvjuy848q18py_CGcu8elRGQAUIf86EYh4QZo/edit#gid=0 The 12 markets are
Currency 13 coins
Platform 25 coins
Ecosystem 9 coins
Privacy 10 coins
Currency Exchange Tool 8 coins
Gaming & Gambling 5 coins
Misc 15 coins
Social Network 4 coins
Fee Token 3 coins
Decentralized Data Storage 4 coins
Cloud Computing 3 coins
Stable Coin 2 coins
Before we look at the individual markets, we need to take a look of the overall market and its biggest issue scalability first: Cryptocurrencies aim to be a decentralized currency that can be used worldwide. Its goal is to replace dollar, Euro, Yen, all FIAT currencies worldwide. The coin that will achieve that will be worth several trillion dollars. Bitcoin can only process 7 transactions per second (TPS). In order to replace all FIAT, it would need to perform at at least VISA levels, which usually processes around 3,000 TPS, up to 25,000 TPS during peak times and a maximum of 64,000 TPS. That means that this cryptocurrency would need to be able to perform at least several thousand TPS. However, a ground breaking technology should not look at current technology to set a goal for its use, i.e. estimating the number of emails sent in 1990 based on the number of faxes sent wasn’t a good estimate. For that reason, 10,000 TPS is the absolute baseline for a cryptocurrency that wants to replace FIAT. This brings me to IOTA, which wants to connect all 80 billion IoT devices that are expected to exist by 2025, which constantly communicate with each other, creating 80 billion or more transactions per second. This is the benchmark that cryptocurrencies should be aiming for. Currently, 8 billion devices are connected to the Internet. With its Lightning network recently launched, Bitcoin is realistically looking at 50,000 possible soon. Other notable cryptocurrencies besides IOTA and Bitcoin are Nano with 7,000 TPS already tested, Dash with several billion TPS possible with Masternodes, Neo, LISK and RHOC with 100,000 TPS by 2020, Ripple with 50,000 TPS, Ethereum with 10,000 with Sharding. However, it needs to be said that scalability usually goes at the cost of decentralization and security. So, it needs to be seen, which of these technologies can prove itself resilient and performant. Without further ado, here are the coins of the first market
Market 1 - Currency:
Bitcoin: 1st generation blockchain with currently bad scalability currently, though the implementation of the Lightning Network looks promising and could alleviate most scalability concerns, scalability and high energy use.
Ripple: Centralized currency that might become very successful due to tight involvement with banks and cross-border payments for financial institutions; banks and companies like Western Union and Moneygram (who they are currently working with) as customers customers. However, it seems they are aiming for more decentralization now.https://ripple.com/dev-blog/decentralization-strategy-update/. Has high TPS due to Proof of Correctness algorithm.
Bitcoin Cash: Bitcoin fork with the difference of having an 8 times bigger block size, making it 8 times more scalable than Bitcoin currently. Further block size increases are planned. Only significant difference is bigger block size while big blocks lead to further problems that don't seem to do well beyond a few thousand TPS. Opponents to a block size argue that increasing the block size limit is unimaginative, offers only temporary relief, and damages decentralization by increasing costs of participation. In order to preserve decentralization, system requirements to participate should be kept low. To understand this, consider an extreme example: very big blocks (1GB+) would require data center level resources to validate the blockchain. This would preclude all but the wealthiest individuals from participating.Community seems more open than Bitcoin's though.
Litecoin : Little brother of Bitcoin. Bitcoin fork with different mining algorithm but not much else.Copies everything that Bitcoin does pretty much. Lack of real innovation.
Dash: Dash (Digital Cash) is a fork of Bitcoin and focuses on user ease. It has very fast transactions within seconds, low fees and uses Proof of Service from Masternodes for consensus. They are currently building a system called Evolution which will allow users to send money using usernames and merchants will find it easy to integrate Dash using the API. You could say Dash is trying to be a PayPal of cryptocurrencies. Currently, cryptocurrencies must choose between decentralization, speed, scalability and can pick only 2. With Masternodes, Dash picked speed and scalability at some cost of decentralization, since with Masternodes the voting power is shifted towards Masternodes, which are run by Dash users who own the most Dash.
IOTA: 3rd generation blockchain called Tangle, which has a high scalability, no fees and instant transactions. IOTA aims to be the connective layer between all 80 billion IOT devices that are expected to be connected to the Internet in 2025, possibly creating 80 billion transactions per second or 800 billion TPS, who knows. However, it needs to be seen if the Tangle can keep up with this scalability and iron out its security issues that have not yet been completely resolved.
Nano: 3rd generation blockchain called Block Lattice with high scalability, no fees and instant transactions. Unlike IOTA, Nano only wants to be a payment processor and nothing else, for now at least. With Nano, every user has their own blockchain and has to perform a small amount of computing for each transaction, which makes Nano perform at 300 TPS with no problems and 7,000 TPS have also been tested successfully. Very promising 3rd gen technology and strong focus on only being the fastest currency without trying to be everything.
Decred: As mining operations have grown, Bitcoin’s decision-making process has become more centralized, with the largest mining companies holding large amounts of power over the Bitcoin improvement process. Decred focuses heavily on decentralization with their PoW Pos hybrid governance system to become what Bitcoin was set out to be. They will soon implement the Lightning Network to scale up. While there do not seem to be more differences to Bitcoin besides the novel hybrid consensus algorithm, which Ethereum, Aeternity and Bitcoin Atom are also implementing, the welcoming and positive Decred community and professoinal team add another level of potential to the coin.
Aeternity: We’ve seen recently, that it’s difficult to scale the execution of smart contracts on the blockchain. Crypto Kitties is a great example. Something as simple as creating and trading unique assets on Ethereum bogged the network down when transaction volume soared. Ethereum and Zilliqa address this problem with Sharding. Aeternity focuses on increasing the scalability of smart contracts and dapps by moving smart contracts off-chain. Instead of running on the blockchain, smart contracts on Aeternity run in private state channels between the parties involved in the contracts. State channels are lines of communication between parties in a smart contract. They don’t touch the blockchain unless they need to for adjudication or transfer of value. Because they’re off-chain, state channel contracts can operate much more efficiently. They don’t need to pay the network for every time they compute and can also operate with greater privacy. An important aspect of smart contract and dapp development is access to outside data sources. This could mean checking the weather in London, score of a football game, or price of gold. Oracles provide access to data hosted outside the blockchain. In many blockchain projects, oracles represent a security risk and potential point of failure, since they tend to be singular, centralized data streams. Aeternity proposes decentralizing oracles with their oracle machine. Doing so would make outside data immutable and unchangeable once it reaches Aeternity’s blockchain. Of course, the data source could still be hacked, so Aeternity implements a prediction market where users can bet on the accuracy and honesty of incoming data from various oracles.It also uses prediction markets for various voting and verification purposes within the platform. Aeternity’s network runs on on a hybrid of proof of work and proof of stake. Founded by a long-time crypto-enthusiast and early colleague of Vitalik Buterin, Yanislav Malahov. Promising concept though not product yet
Bitcoin Atom: Atomic Swaps and hybrid consenus. This looks like the only Bitcoin clone that actually is looking to innovate next to Bitcoin Cash.
Dogecoin: Litecoin fork, fantastic community, though lagging behind a bit in technology.
Bitcoin Gold: A bit better security than bitcoin through ASIC resistant algorithm, but that's it. Not that interesting.
Digibyte: Digibyte's PoS blockchain is spread over a 100,000+ servers, phones, computers, and nodes across the globe, aiming for the ultimate level of decentralization. DigiByte rebalances the load between the five mining algorithms by adjusting the difficulty of each so one algorithm doesn’t become dominant. The algorithm's asymmetric difficulty has gained notoriety and been deployed in many other blockchains.DigiByte’s adoption over the past four years has been slow. It’s still a relatively obscure currency compared its competitors. The DigiByte website offers a lot of great marketing copy and buzzwords. However, there’s not much technical information about what they have planned for the future. You could say Digibyte is like Bitcoin, but with shorter blocktimes and a multi-algorithm. However, that's not really a difference big enough to truly set themselves apart from Bitcoin, since these technologies could be implemented by any blockchain without much difficulty. Their decentralization is probably their strongest asset, however, this also change quickly if the currency takes off and big miners decide to go into Digibyte.
Bitcoin Diamond Asic resistant Bitcoin and Copycat
Market 2 - Platform
Most of the cryptos here have smart contracts and allow dapps (Decentralized apps) to be build on their platform and to use their token as an exchange of value between dapp services.
Ethereum: 2nd generation blockchain that allows the use of smart contracts. Bad scalability currently, though this concern could be alleviated by the soon to be implemented Lightning Network aka Plasma and its Sharding concept.
EOS: Promising technology that wants to be able do everything, from smart contracts like Ethereum, scalability similar to Nano with 1000 tx/second + near instant transactions and zero fees, to also wanting to be a platform for dapps. However, EOS doesn't have a product yet and everything is just promises still. Highly overvalued right now. However, there are lots of red flags, have dumped $500 million Ether over the last 2 months and possibly bought back EOS to increase the size of their ICO, which has been going on for over a year and has raised several billion dollars. All in all, their market cap is way too high for that and not even having a product.
Cardano: Similar to Ethereum/EOS, however, only promises made with no delivery yet, highly overrated right now. Interesting concept though. Market cap way too high for not even having a product. Somewhat promising technology.
VeChain: Singapore-based project that’s building a business enterprise platform and inventory tracking system. Examples are verifying genuine luxury goods and food supply chains. Has one of the strongest communities in the crypto world. Most hyped token of all, with merit though.
Neo: Neo is a platform, similar to Eth, but more extensive, allowing dapps and smart contracts, but with a different smart contract gas system, consensus mechanism (PoS vs. dBfT), governance model, fixed vs unfixed supply, expensive contracts vs nearly free contracts, different ideologies for real world adoption. There are currently only 9 nodes, each of which are being run by a company/entity hand selected by the NEO council (most of which are located in china) and are under contract. This means that although the locations of the nodes may differ, ultimately the neo council can bring them down due to their legal contracts. In fact this has been done in the past when the neo council was moving 50 million neo that had been locked up. Also dbft (or neo's implmentation of it) has failed underload causing network outages during major icos. The first step in decentralization is that the NEO Counsel will select trusted nodes (Universities, business partners, etc.) and slowly become less centralized that way. The final step in decentralization will be allowing NEO holders to vote for new nodes, similar to a DPoS system (ARK/EOS/LISK). NEO has a regulation/government friendly ideology. Finally they are trying to work undewith the Chinese government in regards to regulations. If for some reason they wanted it shut down, they could just shut it down.
Stellar: PoS system, similar goals as Ripple, but more of a platform than only a currency. 80% of Stellar are owned by Stellar.org still, making the currency centralized.
Ethereum classic: Original Ethereum that decided not to fork after a hack. The Ethereum that we know is its fork. Uninteresing, because it has a lot of less resources than Ethereum now and a lot less community support.
Ziliqa: Zilliqa is building a new way of sharding. 2400 tpx already tested, 10,000 tps soon possible by being linearly scalable with the number of nodes. That means, the more nodes, the faster the network gets. They are looking at implementing privacy as well.
QTUM: Enables Smart contracts on the Bitcoin blockchain. Useful.
Icon: Korean ethereum. Decentralized application platform that's building communities in partnership with banks, insurance providers, hospitals, and universities. Focused on ID verification and payments. No big differentiators to the other 20 Ethereums, except that is has a product. That is a plus. Maybe cheap alternative to Ethereum.
LISK: Lisk's difference to other BaaS is that side chains are independent to the main chain and have to have their own nodes. Similar to neo whole allows dapps to deploy their blockchain to. However, Lisk is currently somewhat centralized with a small group of members owning more than 50% of the delegated positions. Lisk plans to change the consensus algorithm for that reason in the near future.
Rchain: Similar to Ethereum with smart contract, though much more scalable at an expected 40,000 TPS and possible 100,000 TPS. Not launched yet. No product launched yet, though promising technology. Not overvalued, probably at the right price right now.
ARDR: Similar to Lisk. Ardor is a public blockchain platform that will allow people to utilize the blockchain technology of Nxt through the use of child chains. A child chain, which is a ‘light’ blockchain that can be customized to a certain extent, is designed to allow easy self-deploy for your own blockchain. Nxt claims that users will "not need to worry" about security, as that part is now handled by the main chain (Ardor). This is the chief innovation of Ardor. Ardor was evolved from NXT by the same company. NEM started as a NXT clone.
Ontology: Similar to Neo. Interesting coin
Bytom: Bytom is an interactive protocol of multiple byte assets. Heterogeneous byte-assets (indigenous digital currency, digital assets) that operate in different forms on the Bytom Blockchain and atomic assets (warrants, securities, dividends, bonds, intelligence information, forecasting information and other information that exist in the physical world) can be registered, exchanged, gambled and engaged in other more complicated and contract-based interoperations via Bytom.
Nxt: Similar to Lisk
Stratis: Different to LISK, Stratis will allow businesses and organizations to create their own blockchain according to their own needs, but secured on the parent Stratis chain. Stratis’s simple interface will allow organizations to quickly and easily deploy and/or test blockchain functionality of the Ethereum, BitShares, BitCoin, Lisk and Stratis environements.
Status: Status provides access to all of Ethereum’s decentralized applications (dapps) through an app on your smartphone. It opens the door to mass adoption of Ethereum dapps by targeting the fastest growing computer segment in the world – smartphone users.16. Ark: Fork of Lisk that focuses on a smaller feature set. Ark wallets can only vote for one delegate at a time which forces delegates to compete against each other and makes cartel formations incredibly hard, if not impossible.
Neblio: Similar to Neo, but 30x smaller market cap.
NEM: Is similar to Neo No marketing team, very high market cap for little clarilty what they do.
Bancor: Bancor is a Decentralized Liquidity Network that allows you to hold any Ethereum token and convert it to any other token in the network, with no counter party, at an automatically calculated price, using a simple web wallet.
Dragonchain: The Purpose of DragonChain is to help companies quickly and easily incorporate blockchain into their business applications. Many companies might be interested in making this transition because of the benefits associated with serving clients over a blockchain – increased efficiency and security for transactions, a reduction of costs from eliminating potential fraud and scams, etc.
Skycoin: Transactions with zero fees that take apparently two seconds, unlimited transaction rate, no need for miners and block rewards, low power usage, all of the usual cryptocurrency technical vulnerabilities fixed, a consensus mechanism superior to anything that exists, resistant to all conceivable threats (government censorship, community infighting, cybenucleaconventional warfare, etc). Skycoin has their own consensus algorithm known as Obelisk written and published academically by an early developer of Ethereum. Obelisk is a non-energy intensive consensus algorithm based on a concept called ‘web of trust dynamics’ which is completely different to PoW, PoS, and their derivatives. Skywire, the flagship application of Skycoin, has the ambitious goal of decentralizing the internet at the hardware level and is about to begin the testnet in April. However, this is just one of the many facets of the Skycoin ecosystem. Skywire will not only provide decentralized bandwidth but also storage and computation, completing the holy trinity of commodities essential for the new internet. Skycion a smear campaign launched against it, though they seem legit and reliable. Thus, they are probably undervalued.
Market 3 - Ecosystem
The 3rd market with 11 coins is comprised of ecosystem coins, which aim to strengthen the ease of use within the crypto space through decentralized exchanges, open standards for apps and more
Nebulas: Similar to how Google indexes webpages Nebulas will index blockchain projects, smart contracts & data using the Nebulas rank algorithm that sifts & sorts the data. Developers rewarded NAS to develop & deploy on NAS chain. Nebulas calls this developer incentive protocol – basically rewards are issued based on how often dapp/contract etc. is used, the more the better the rewards and Proof of devotion. Works like DPoS except the best, most economically incentivised developers (Bookkeeppers) get the forging spots. Ensuring brains stay with the project (Cross between PoI & PoS). 2,400 TPS+, DAG used to solve the inter-transaction dependencies in the PEE (Parallel Execution Environment) feature, first crypto Wallet that supports the Lightening Network.
Waves: Decentralized exchange and crowdfunding platform. Let’s companies and projects to issue and manage their own digital coin tokens to raise money.
Salt: Leveraging blockchain assets to secure cash loands. Plans to offer cash loans in traditional currencies, backed by your cryptocurrency assets. Allows lenders worldwide to skip credit checks for easier access to affordable loans.
CHAINLINK: ChainLink is a decentralized oracle service, the first of its kind. Oracles are defined as an ‘agent’ that finds and verifies real-world occurrences and submits this information to a blockchain to be used in smart contracts.With ChainLink, smart contract users can use the network’s oracles to retrieve data from off-chain application program interfaces (APIs), data pools, and other resources and integrate them into the blockchain and smart contracts. Basically, ChainLink takes information that is external to blockchain applications and puts it on-chain. The difference to Aeternity is that Chainlink deploys the smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain while Aeternity has its own chain.
WTC: Combines blockchain with IoT to create a management system for supply chains Interesting
Ethos unifyies all cryptos. Ethos is building a multi-cryptocurrency phone wallet. The team is also building an investment diversification tool and a social network
Aion: Aion is the token that pays for services on the Aeternity platform.
USDT: is no cryptocurrency really, but a replacement for dollar for trading After months of asking for proof of dollar backing, still no response from Tether.
Market 4 - Privacy
The 4th market are privacy coins. As you might know, Bitcoin is not anonymous. If the IRS or any other party asks an exchange who is the identity behind a specific Bitcoin address, they know who you are and can track back almost all of the Bitcoin transactions you have ever made and all your account balances. Privacy coins aim to prevent exactly that through address fungability, which changes addresses constantly, IP obfuscation and more. There are 2 types of privacy coins, one with completely privacy and one with optional privacy. Optional Privacy coins like Dash and Nav have the advantage of more user friendliness over completely privacy coins such as Monero and Enigma.
Monero: Currently most popular privacy coin, though with a very high market cap. Since their privacy is all on chain, all prior transactions would be deanonymized if their protocol is ever cracked. This requires a quantum computing attack though. PIVX is better in that regard.
Zcash: A decentralized and open-source cryptocurrency that hide the sender, recipient, and value of transactions. Offers users the option to make transactions public later for auditing. Decent privacy coin, though no default privacy
Verge: Calls itself privacy coin without providing private transactions, multiple problems over the last weeks has a toxic community, and way too much hype for what they have.
Bytecoin: First privacy-focused cryptocurrency with anonymous transactions. Bytecoin’s code was later adapted to create Monero, the more well-known anonymous cryptocurrency. Has several scam accusations, 80% pre-mine, bad devs, bad tech
Bitcoin Private: A merge fork of Bitcoin and Zclassic with Zclassic being a fork of Zcash with the difference of a lack of a founders fee required to mine a valid block. This promotes a fair distribution, preventing centralized coin ownership and control. Bitcoin private offers the optional ability to keep the sender, receiver, and amount private in a given transaction. However, this is already offered by several good privacy coins (Monero, PIVX) and Bitcoin private doesn't offer much more beyond this.
Komodo: The Komodo blockchain platform uses Komodo’s open-source cryptocurrency for doing transparent, anonymous, private, and fungible transactions. They are then made ultra-secure using Bitcoin’s blockchain via a Delayed Proof of Work (dPoW) protocol and decentralized crowdfunding (ICO) platform to remove middlemen from project funding. Offers services for startups to create and manage their own Blockchains.
PIVX: As a fork of Dash, PIVX uses an advanced implementation of the Zerocoin protocol to provide it’s privacy. This is a form of zeroknowledge proofs, which allow users to spend ‘Zerocoins’ that have no link back to them. Unlike Zcash u have denominations in PIVX, so they can’t track users by their payment amount being equal to the amount of ‘minted’ coins, because everyone uses the same denominations. PIVX is also implementing Bulletproofs, just like Monero, and this will take care of arguably the biggest weakness of zeroknowledge protocols: the trusted setup.
Zcoin: PoW cryptocurrency. Private financial transactions, enabled by the Zerocoin Protocol. Zcoin is the first full implementation of the Zerocoin Protocol, which allows users to have complete privacy via Zero-Knowledge cryptographic proofs.
Enigma: Monero is to Bitcoin what enigma is to Ethereum. Enigma is for making the data used in smart contracts private. More of a platform for dapps than a currency like Monero. Very promising.
Navcoin: Like bitcoin but with added privacy and pos and 1,170 tps, but only because of very short 30 second block times. Though, privacy is optional, but aims to be more user friendly than Monero. However, doesn't really decide if it wants to be a privacy coin or not. Same as Zcash.Strong technology, non-shady team.
Tenx: Raised 80 million, offers cryptocurrency-linked credit cards that let you spend virtual money in real life. Developing a series of payment platforms to make spending cryptocurrency easier. However, the question is if full privacy coins will be hindered in growth through government regulations and optional privacy coins will become more successful through ease of use and no regulatory hindrance.
Market 5 - Currency Exchange Tool
Due to the sheer number of different cryptocurrencies, exchanging one currency for the other it still cumbersome. Further, merchants don’t want to deal with overcluttered options of accepting cryptocurrencies. This is where exchange tool like Req come in, which allow easy and simple exchange of currencies.
Cryptonex: Fiat and currency exchange between various blockchain services, similar to REQ.
QASH: Qash is used to fuel its liquid platform which will be an exchange that will distribute their liquidity pool. Its product, the Worldbook is a multi-exchange order book that matches crypto to crypto, and crypto to fiat and the reverse across all currencies. E.g., someone is selling Bitcoin is USD on exchange1 not owned by Quoine and someone is buying Bitcoin in EURO on exchange 2 not owned by Quoine. If the forex conversions and crypto conversions match then the trade will go through and the Worldbook will match it, it'll make the sale and the purchase on either exchange and each user will get what they wanted, which means exchanges with lower liquidity if they join the Worldbook will be able to fill orders and take trade fees they otherwise would miss out on.They turned it on to test it a few months ago for an hour or so and their exchange was the top exchange in the world by 4x volume for the day because all Worldbook trades ran through it. Binance wants BNB to be used on their one exchange. Qash wants their QASH token embedded in all of their partners. More info here https://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/8a8lnwhich_are_your_top_5_favourite_coins_out_of_the/dwyjcbb/?context=3
Kyber: network Exchange between cryptocurrencies, similar to REQ. Features automatic coin conversions for payments. Also offers payment tools for developers and a cryptocurrency wallet.
Achain: Building a boundless blockchain world like Req .
Req: Exchange between cryptocurrencies.
Bitshares: Exchange between cryptocurrencies. Noteworthy are the 1.5 second average block times and throughput potential of 100,000 transactions per second with currently 2,400 TPS having been proven. However, bitshares had several Scam accusations in the past.
Loopring: A protocol that will enable higher liquidity between exchanges and personal wallets.
ZRX: Open standard for dapps. Open, permissionless protocol allowing for ERC20 tokens to be traded on the Ethereum blockchain. In 0x protocol, orders are transported off-chain, massively reducing gas costs and eliminating blockchain bloat. Relayers help broadcast orders and collect a fee each time they facilitate a trade. Anyone can build a relayer.
Market 6 - Gaming
With an industry size of $108B worldwide, Gaming is one of the largest markets in the world. For sure, cryptocurrencies will want to have a share of that pie.
Storm: Mobile game currency on a platform with 9 million players.
Fun: A platform for casino operators to host trustless, provably-fair gambling through the use of smart contracts, as well as creating their own implementation of state channels for scalability.
Electroneum: Mobile game currency They have lots of technical problems, such as several 51% attacks
Wax: Marketplace to trade in-game items
Market 7 - Misc
There are various markets being tapped right now. They are all summed up under misc.
OMG: Omise is designed to enable financial services for people without bank accounts. It works worldwide and with both traditional money and cryptocurrencies.
Power ledger: Australian blockchain-based cryptocurrency and energy trading platform that allows for decentralized selling and buying of renewable energy. Unique market and rather untapped market in the crypto space.
Populous: A platform that connects business owners and invoice buyers without middlemen. Invoice sellers get cash flow to fund their business and invoice buyers earn interest. Similar to OMG, small market.
Monacoin: The first Japanese cryptocurrency. Focused on micro-transactions and based on a popular internet meme of a type-written cat. This makes it similar to Dogecoin. Very niche, tiny market.
Revain: Legitimizing reviews via the blockchain. Interesting concept, though market not as big.
Augur: Platform to forecast and make wagers on the outcome of real-world events (AKA decentralized predictions). Uses predictions for a “wisdom of the crowd” search engine. Not launched yet.
Substratum: Revolutionzing hosting industry via per request billing as a decentralized internet hosting system. Uses a global network of private computers to create the free and open internet of the future. Participants earn cryptocurrency. Interesting concept.
Veritaseum: Is supposed to be a peer to peer gateway, though it looks like very much like a scam.
TRON: Tronix is looking to capitalize on ownership of internet data to content creators. However, they plagiarized their white paper, which is a no go. They apologized, so it needs to be seen how they will conduct themselves in the future. Extremely high market cap for not having a product, nor proof of concept.
Syscoin: A cryptocurrency with a decentralized marketplace that lets people buy and sell products directly without third parties. Trying to remove middlemen like eBay and Amazon.
Hshare: Most likely scam because of no code changes, most likely pump and dump scheme, dead community.
BAT: An Ethereum-based token that can be exchanged between content creators, users, and advertisers. Decentralized ad-network that pays based on engagement and attention.
Dent: Decentralizeed exchange of mobile data, enabling mobile data to be marketed, purchased or distributed, so that users can quickly buy or sell data from any user to another one.
Ncash: End to end encrypted Identification system for retailers to better serve their customers .
Factom Secure record-keeping system that allows companies to store their data directly on the Blockchain. The goal is to make records more transparent and trustworthy .
Market 8 - Social network
Web 2.0 is still going strong and Web 3.0 is not going to ignore it. There are several gaming tokens already out there and a few with decent traction already, such as Steem, which is Reddit with voting through money is a very interesting one.
Mithril: As users create content via social media, they will be rewarded for their contribution, the better the contribution, the more they will earn
Steem: Like Reddit, but voting with money. Already launched product and Alexa rank 1,000 Thumbs up.
Rdd: Reddcoin makes the process of sending and receiving money fun and rewarding for everyone. Reddcoin is dedicated to one thing – tipping on social networks as a way to bring cryptocurrency awareness and experience to the general public.
Kin: Token for the platform Kik. Kik has a massive user base of 400 million people. Replacing paying with FIAT with paying with KIN might get this token to mass adoption very quickly.
Market 9 - Fee token
Popular exchanges realized that they can make a few billion dollars more by launching their own token. Owning these tokens gives you a reduction of trading fees. Very handy and BNB (Binance Coin) has been one of the most resilient tokens, which have withstood most market drops over the last weeks and was among the very few coins that could show growth.
BNB: Fee token for Binance
Gas: Not a Fee token for an exchange, but it is a dividend paid out on Neo and a currency that can be used to purchase services for dapps.
Kucoin: Fee token for Kucoin
Market 10 - Decentralized Data Storage
Currently, data storage happens with large companies or data centers that are prone to failure or losing data. Decentralized data storage makes loss of data almost impossible by distributing your files to numerous clients that hold tiny pieces of your data. Remember Torrents? Torrents use a peer-to-peer network. It is similar to that. Many users maintain copies of the same file, when someone wants a copy of that file, they send a request to the peer-to-peer network., users who have the file, known as seeds, send fragments of the file to the requester., he requester receives many fragments from many different seeds, and the torrent software recompiles these fragments to form the original file.
Gbyte: Byteball data is stored and ordered using directed acyclic graph (DAG) rather than blockchain. This allows all users to secure each other's data by referencing earlier data units created by other users, and also removes scalability limits common for blockchains, such as blocksize issue.
Siacoin: Siacoin is decentralized storage platform. Distributes encrypted files to thousands of private users who get paid for renting out their disk space. Anybody with siacoins can rent storage from hosts on Sia. This is accomplish via "smart" storage contracts stored on the Sia blockchain. The smart contract provides a payment to the host only after the host has kept the file for a given amount of time. If the host loses the file, the host does not get paid.
Maidsafecoin: MaidSafe stands for Massive Array of Internet Disks, Secure Access for Everyone.Instead of working with data centers and servers that are common today and are vulnerable to data theft and monitoring, SAFE’s network uses advanced P2P technology to bring together the spare computing capacity of all SAFE users and create a global network. You can think of SAFE as a crowd-sourced internet. All data and applications reside in this network. It’s an autonomous network that automatically sets prices and distributes data and rents out hard drive disk space with a Blockchain-based storage solutions.When you upload a file to the network, such as a photo, it will be broken into pieces, hashed, and encrypted. The data is then randomly distributed across the network. Redundant copies of the data are created as well so that if someone storing your file turns off their computer, you will still have access to your data. And don’t worry, even with pieces of your data on other people’s computers, they won’t be able to read them. You can earn MadeSafeCoins by participating in storing data pieces from the network on your computer and thus earning a Proof of Resource.
Storj: Storj aims to become a cloud storage platform that can’t be censored or monitored, or have downtime. Your files are encrypted, shredded into little pieces called 'shards', and stored in a decentralized network of computers around the globe. No one but you has a complete copy of your file, not even in an encrypted form.
Market 11 - Cloud computing
Obviously, renting computing power, one of the biggest emerging markets as of recent years, e.g. AWS and Digital Ocean, is also a service, which can be bought and managed via the blockchain.
Golem: Allows easy use of Supercomputer in exchange for tokens. People worldwide can rent out their computers to the network and get paid for that service with Golem tokens.
Elf: Allows easy use of Cloud computing in exchange for tokens.
Market 12 - Stablecoin
Last but not least, there are 2 stablecoins that have established themselves within the market. A stable coin is a coin that wants to be independent of the volatility of the crypto markets. This has worked out pretty well for Maker and DGD, accomplished through a carefully diversified currency fund and backing each token by 1g or real gold respectively. DO NOT CONFUSE DGD AND MAKER with their STABLE COINS DGX and DAI. DGD and MAKER are volatile, because they are the companies of DGX and DAI. DGX and DAI are the stable coins.
DGD: Platform of the Stablecoin DGX. Every DGX coin is backed by 1g of gold and make use proof of asset consensus.
Maker: Platform of the Stablecoin DAI that doesn't vary much in price through widespread and smart diversification of assets.
EDIT: Added a risk factor from 0 to 10. The baseline is 2 for any crypto. Significant scandals, mishaps, shady practices, questionable technology, increase the risk factor. Not having a product yet automatically means a risk factor of 6. Strong adoption and thus strong scrutiny or positive community lower the risk factor. EDIT2: Added a subjective potential factor from 0 to 10, where its overall potential and a small or big market cap is factored in. Bitcoin with lots of potential only gets a 9, because of its massive market cap, because if Bitcoin goes 10x, smaller coins go 100x, PIVX gets a 10 for being as good as Monero while carrying a 10x smaller market cap, which would make PIVX go 100x if Monero goes 10x.
I live in Australia. I'll be visiting Israel for an extended period of time. I'll need to live of my Australian funds while I'm there. I don't want to use my Australian credit and bank cards with their 3% charge for every international transaction. So I'm looking for any general advice on banks, banking and foreign transfers for visitors. Specifically: Can I open a bank account as a visitor to the country? What is the most effective way to transfer money to Israel, minimizing losses on exchange rates or transfer fees? Is there any advantage to one large transfer vs. several small ones over time? Who tends to have the best ForEx rates (banks vs. online ForEx vs. brick and mortar ForEx)? Thank you Reddit!
Monster trip report: 2 weeks in Japan with 2 kids in July (overview)
Overview and general information: We are a family of 4 (kids 10 and 12) who were in Japan from July 9 to July 21. I typed this up on the plane on my way home to keep the details fresh, and it got a bit out of hand. :-) The weather: we got lucky. Only one day of heavy rain, though it was often overcast and humid, with drizzle/light rain at times. It was never really all that hot in Tokyo. We had one brutal humid and 35 C day in Kyoto, but the rest of the time, the daily highs were around 24-27 C, which isn’t too unpleasant. Money: We did not change money—instead we used ATMs to withdraw yen. We have an account that does not charge extra for this. We mostly used ATMs in combinis. The fees were consistent (and we were pre-warned there would be fees at the machine before completing the transaction): 108 yen for 10,000 yen, 216 yen for anything more. When possible, we used a credit card (we have both US and Canadian cards with no ForEx fees), but many restaurants and attractions only take cash, and cash is needed to refill IC cards. Transportation: We used mostly Google Maps in cities, and HyperDia for trains between cities. We got Pasmo card upon arrival, and used them extensively. We had 7-day Japan Rail passes, which I activated in Ueno station with no wait. I brought a list of desired train reservations, and had them all done at the same time. We were unable to get reservations for desired travel times for Tokyo to Kanazawa, so we took an unreserved car. We got there about 30 min before the scheduled departure, and got 4 seats together without difficulty. Google Maps is super useful. It tells you the exit you should take when leaving each station, which is very helpful. Many train stations have a large number of exits, and taking the wrong one can lead to lots of extra walking. We also found it useful to plot both walking and public transit routes to get from place to place. The estimated costs were very accurate, and it was quite helpful to find comparable routes that use a single company’s line when possible, saving quite a bit for 4 people over many days. We walked A LOT (which is not atypical for our family). Other than that, we took trains of various sorts. We didn’t try buses, so I can’t comment there. The trains look complicated if you look at the whole system, but are actually pretty straightforward once you start using them. Internet: The free wifi in Japan is very painful to use. Slow, and requires lots of registration and re-registration. We relied on a SIM from Singapore that works well in Japan and enabled us to share out data when needed. 2 Gb was enough for a 2 week trip with lots of searching. We had a Pocket Wifi from one of our accommodations, and found it a little annoying to have to track and charge another device, but YMMV. We only stayed places that provided Wifi, so we only used the SIM when out and about. Accommodations: As a family of four, we mostly stayed in family rooms at hostels to keep costs down. All of our accommodations were great except for one (Guesthouse Kintoto in Kanazawa) because the room was sooooo tiny, it was impractical. And when I say tiny, I mean the size of two bunkbeds set less than 30 cm (6 inches) apart tiny. All of our hostels were very clean with good wifi, and all had desk staff for 12-14 hours in case we needed help with anything. There were laundry machines at all of our hostels, helping us pack light for the trip. Food: We ate breakfast from combinis almost every day, and really enjoyed the food in Japan. Our children are big eaters and adventurous eaters, so trying new foods with them is a pleasure. One of my kids was not really into ramen, but loved udon and soba, so we looked for noodle shops instead of ramen shops as our go to places to eat, especially when the kids were getting hangry. We also went to supermarkets and had picnic lunches. What the kids missed most actually was fresh fruit, which is really expensive in Japan. The kids really enjoyed using the vending machines, and going into stores to find new Japanese foods to try (especially snacks). The family favorite vending machine beverage was Melon Skal. Miscellaneous: For souvenirs, we tried to get things the kids would actually use (like Frixion pens and bento lunch boxes), though we let them use allowance to buy what they wanted. I also bought them each one pack of Pokemon cards. For ourselves, we bought a bunch of different kinds of teas and that awesome sesame salad dressing. And cool Uniqlo Gundam T-shirts. ☺ The cut-off age for kids is often elementary school vs older, which is interpreted as 11 or 12 (depending on where you are). For trains, it is 11. My 12 year old daughter is very tall for Canada, making her extremely tall for Japan. We had to show her passport at times to demonstrate her age. Part 1: Tokyo Part 2: Kanazawa and Takayama Part 3: Kyoto Part 4: Tokyo again
Moving from the States, mail forwarding and bank account situation
I'm planning on a move within the next few weeks. For those who've made the move or have any info otherwise, what would be the best mail forwarding service to Canada from the US. Also what did you do with your bank accounts and credit cards? I'm planning to do Amex Global Transfer (for credit history) while using a couple of no-foreign txn fee US cards (Visa/MC) for most of purchases since I'd be paying the balance off from the US bank account (my uderstanding is Visa and MC probably offer closer forex rates to real rates vs. say a bank transfer). One of my accounts also lets me withdraw cash in Canada for a small fee, planning to keep some cash that way. Also I'd eventually have to transfer some cash from my US accounts to Canadian at some point, what are some good banks that are kind to immigrants while offering good savings rate (looking for something like Ally Bank or credit unions in the US)? Is it easy to move the money whenever needed, (for example, to pay for an apartment depsosit) or are there a lot of transfer controls and formality?
In the Herald a couple of months ago, there was a $2 off coupon. Potatoes at Countdown are $1.99 thus making them free. Not sure why these potatoes are $8/kg vs. normal potatoes of around $2.50 but meh it's free.
Brand new to this but I don't forsee needing big credit (e.g., loan, mortgage) anytime soon so I figured this is the best time to churn if I'm going to do it. My goal is to accumulate enough points to fund long-haul airfare and I guess hotels for the next two years or so. My family also does some US travel but I know Aeroplan is better for long haul. I have some Air Miles I can use for short haul for the time being. I can also leverage my parents. They have really low value credit cards, other than a PC Mastercard which I should probably try to upgrade to a World Elite since we shop at a lot of Loblaws banners and gas up at Esso (3% return. vs 1% on non-World Elite). Is it better to refer them to cards or to get them supplementary cards to save on the annual fee? How does this plan sound? Currently own: BMO SPC Air Miles Mastercard - My first credit card so I'll keep it open. Currently only using it at places that don't accept AMEX. AMEX SimplyCash - Currently on the introductory offer (5% cash back on certain categories). I try to use this everywhere that accepts AMEX since the insurance, etc. is better than my other card. Currently applying for: Chase Mariott Visa - Already applied for this since I've read that it's best to go for this first. Will use as my main card for forex transactions. Not sure yet but I may cancel before the annual fee kicks in and get the Rogers Platinum Mastercard since I have Rogers services (waives the annual fee). If I don't get approved I'll get the Rogers MC. [30k Mariott -> 10k SPG] AMEX Business Platinum - I'm doing some travel over the next couple of months so I could use the lounges. There's a chance I'll be doing significant travel throughout the next year or two - if I do I'll probably keep this card, if not I'll cancel before the annual fee kicks in. [75k AMEX -> Aeroplan] Plan on getting: AMEX Personal Gold - Self-refer (I can do this from Biz Plat, right?) and will use as my primary if I cancel the Business Platinum. [25k + 5k AMEX -> 30k Aeroplan] AMEX Business Gold - Self-refer, churn, then cancel. [30k + 10k AMEX -> 40k Aeroplan) AMEX Personal SPG - Churn then cancel. [20k + 10k SPG] AMEX Business SPG - Self-refer, churn, then cancel. [20k + 10k SPG] Total = 70k SPG + 145k Aeroplan (plus regular points from purchases) Am I calculating referral bonuses correctly? And any other cards I should consider?
I recently took out a cash secured credit card and realised that I know nothing about money. I was just nodding along whole it all went over my head. I'm like an Aspergers science obsessed person with no real experience with banks and stuff. I don't even know what to look up on YouTube. People are asking me to invest in businesses and it makes sense when they explain it but I want to be more involved in everything. I want to know about credit Vs debit. Assets, liabilities. Risk assessment. Profit/loss. Whatever equity is. Stocks. "The market." "Marketing." Management Vs economics vs finance Vs business. This Forex thing. "Buying currency." I want to potentially be able to understand what cryptomining is so I'll be less angry at being over-charged for a video card. I know this probably sounds ridiculous not to know these things, but I live in a country where you could opt out of these "money" classes if you want to. Referring it now. Can't trust anybody these days. Even if I can't do it myself I want to at least understand the core concepts. What am I looking for to get started? A crash course in finance, personal finance, business, accounts, economics or what? Buy a textbook? YouTube? I want a very layman breakdown, as in nothing that starts talking about dividends within the first ten minutes.
We, a family of 3 with a small daughter, are landing in Canada as immigrant newcomers next month, bringing about 25K CAD with us. We also have about 60K CAD as assets in homeland that we are not immediately bringing with us. After some research, here is what we planned to do. I need suggestions from the generous redditors of this forum, if our plans are okay and if we are missing something. Bank accounts I'm appalled by the low interest rates for savings accounts and the tax on interest income. So we'll right away open two TFSAs along with our checking accounts, for me and my spouse and deposit 5K each. The idea is to invest these in ETFs or Stocks. I've shortlisted to open 1 account each in both Questrade and Virtual Traders. Question: If we need 1 USD and 1 CAD TFSA, which amongst Questrade and VT would have what? Questrade allows journaling Norberts Gambit, so do we need both CAD and USD in the same broker to do a Norberts? We are planning to invest only in non-dividend paying USD stocks and ETFs in the USD TFSA. For the regular checking accounts, we'll probably go with TD or Tangerine. TD Newcomer packages provides 6 months of no fee and also a credit card, and a USD account, so looks attractive. After 4-5 months, we can of course open a Tangerine too. BTW, does anyone know which bank offers nice benefits for newcomers? Also, which credit card is good for mainly grocery purchases and eating out? How many days does it take to get a credit card, once I have a SIN? We plan to have one checking account and two credit cards, is it possible? RESP It is possible for us to open a RESP immediately right? We'll be in SK, so I guess there is also a SK education grant. The plan is to open a RESP and deposit 2.5K immediately. Question - which SK institution offers online RESP contribution with no fee? So that leaves us with 12.5K in Cash, of which 6K will go to the TD account towards checking minimum balance (5k) and the rest 6.5k is for taking a rental house and other expenses. I'm also bringing a forex card loaded with 1k which would also be used, but since it won't help us build a credit limit, we don't want to load more into it. We want to buy a used car, say a month later, costing about 3K. Will I be able to use my credit card for that, considering we just got it a month ago? A secured one will help? If we can't use CC, then I've to bring more cash from home. USD vs CAD Do we need to bring a part of this 25K CAD in USD, say 5K USD to go into the USD TFSA? Or can we just bring CAD and avoid fx conversion charges/commissions doing Norberts Gambit after a TFSA CAD is opened in Questrade? We are a bit confused. To make matters worse, CAD is appreciating against greenback and I guess any USD holdings will lose some money in the near future? Homeland Assets I read that we've to maintain a record of fair market values of homeland properties and assets on the landing date, and this would be the adjusted cost base to calculates gains, on future sales. So, we will have this record. Finally, as far personal finances are concerned, are we really missing something in this big move of ours? :-)
Right now segwit2x (BT2) is trading for $1143 and segwit1x (BT1) is $3070 on Bitfinex futures markets. Even with not the greatest terms, you would expect 2x to be much higher. I believe this bodes well for BCC. (61 points, 112 comments)
The other day people were suggesting we do an EDA change before the November 2x fork. Here is why I think that is a terrible idea, and why we should only consider EDA change AFTER the 2x fork. (58 points, 40 comments)
While /bitcoin was circle-jerking to the idea that no exchange would list the SW2x chain as BTC, Bitcoin Thailand's comment to the contrary was removed from the very same thread! (228 points, 70 comments)
By proving that it can be done (getting rid of Core) this will set a HUUGE precedent and milestone that dev teams and even outright censorship cannot overtake Bitcoin. That will be an extremely bullish occasionfor all crypto. (149 points, 84 comments)
The goal of all the forks appears to be to dilute investment in the true forks: Bitcoin Cash and Segwit2x. A sort of Scorched Earth approach by Blockstream. They are going to try to tear down Bitcoin as they get removed. (35 points, 11 comments)
In light of all these upcoming forks, we need a site where you can put in a BTC address and it checks ALL the forks and says which chains still have a balance for that address. This way you can split your coins and send coins carefully. (6 points, 6 comments)
Can we take a moment to appreciate Jeff Garzik for how much bullshit he has to deal with while working to give BTC a long-needed upgrade that Core has been blocking for so long? (278 points, 193 comments)
Everyone should calm down. The upgrade to 2x has 95%+ miner support and will be as smooth as a hot knife through butter. Anyone that says otherwise is fear monguring or listening to bitcoin propaganda. (364 points, 292 comments)
Notice: Redditor for 3-4 months accounts or accounts that do not have a history of Bitcoin posts are probably the same person or just a few people paid to manipulate discussion here. It's likely a paid astroturfing campaign. (38 points, 30 comments)
The latest TED Radio Hour titled “Getting Organized” talks about the decentralized algorithms of ants and how centralization is not the most ideal state of an organization. (2 points, 0 comments)
BCC Miners, two EDAs have locked in. This will reduce mining difficulty to 64.00%. If you are aiming to achieve profit parity, you should start mining after the next EDA (in 2.5 hours), because then the difficulty will be at 51%, which gives profit parity on both chains and steady block rate. (9 points, 14 comments)
Antpool, Viabtc, Bitcoin.com, BTC.com, we need to hear your voice. In the case of a scheduled hardfork for updating the EDA, will your pool follow? (6 points, 18 comments)
Fact: proof of work which is the foundation of bitcoin and not invented by Adam back was designed to counter attacks where one person falsely represents to be many(like spam). Subreddits and twitter dont form the foundation of bitcoin for a reason. (156 points, 27 comments)
I'm a small blocker and I support the NYA (87 points, 46 comments)
Devs find clever way to add replay protection that doesn't change transaction format which would break software compatibility and cause disruption. G. Max responds by saying that this blacklisting is a sign of things to come. (49 points, 57 comments)
Five ways small blocks (AKA core1mb) hurt decentralization (36 points, 4 comments)
Even if bitcoins only use to society was avoiding negative interest rates, bail-ins + bail-outs, that is incredibly useful to society. Of course a banker like Jamie Dimon would call something a fraud that removes a "bank tax" on society by allowing them to avoid these fraudulent charges. (18 points, 0 comments)
There are different kinds of censorship. The core propagandists are unwittingly great advocates of economic censorship (2 points, 1 comment)
Everyone should calm down. The upgrade to 2x has 95%+ miner support and will be as smooth as a hot knife through butter. Anyone that says otherwise is fear monguring or listening to bitcoin propaganda. by Annapurna317 (364 points, 292 comments)
[PSA] Choose credit cards to suit your normal purchasing patterns
One thing I've noticed after spending some time in this sub is that people ask for the "best credit card", often without context regarding their credit score, spending patterns, annual income, etc. There is no one best card, but rather more relevant ones based on your day to day purchases. Track your spending patterns using Mint, BillGuard, YNAB, or some other app/software (if you don't already) by category and use them to establish a budget. The most common bonus categories tend to fall under the following:
Listed are also smaller perks included in credit cards:
No foreign exchange fees
Travel insurance (injury, cancellation, etc.)
Rental car insurance
Of course there are variations of categories and perks based on tiers of cards, but listed are the most common. NerdWallet is a great resource for summaries of credit cards, but not the most extensive. Additional research should always be done before applying. Doctor of Credit is also a personal favorite. Additional points:
Always pay your balance in full and on time each month
Many of the premium cards come with sign up bonuses, so be sure to check out Doctor of Credit and /churning if you have a good credit score (700+), established credit history, and good financial standing
Having multiple cards isn't for everyone. If you don't want to think about categories I suggest you stick to straight cash back cards like the Double Cash, Fidelity Amex, and Quicksilver.
Below is a basic list by bank (I will exclude most airline and hotel co-branded cards with one exception) and their bonus categories. Do additional research on cards that catch your eye, especially for the Amex MR, Chase UR, Citi TY, and SPG earning cards. Categories not listed earn either 1% or 1x based on card: American Express:
Blue Cash Everyday: 3% on groceries, 2% on gas, 1% on everything else, and no annual fee
Blue Cash Preferred: 6% on groceries, 3% on gas, 1% on everything else, and $75 annual fee
Everyday: 2x on groceries and no annual fee (earns Amex Membership Rewards which is a great rewards program, not straight cash back)
Everyday Preferred: 3x on groceries and $95 annual fee (earns MR)
Premier Rewards Gold: 3x on airlines, 2x at gas, groceries, and dining, no forex, travel services, and $195 annual fee waived the first year (earns MR)
Platinum: no forex, premium travel services, and $450 annual fee (earns MR and approach with caution)
Starwood Preferred Guest: 2x at Starwood properties, with additional bonus based on loyalty status, no forex, and $95 annual fee waived the first year (earns SPG points which is an excellent premium reward program)
Bank of America:
Cash Rewards: 3% on gas, 2% on groceries, and no annual fee (additional bonus if you have checking/saving/brokerage account with them)
Travel Rewards: 1.5x on everything, no forex, and no annual fee (redeemed towards travel also additional bonus)
Arrival+: 2x on everything, redeemed as statement credit towards travel, no forex, and $89 annual fee waived the first year
Arrival" 2x on dining and travel, redeemed as statement credit towards travel, no forex, and no annual fee
Venture: 2x on everything, redeemed as statement credit towards travel, no forex, and $59 annual fee waived the first year
VentureOne: 1.25 on everything, redeemed as statement credit towards travel, no forex, and no annual fee
Quicksilver: 1.5% on everything, no forex, and no annual fee
QuicksilverOne: 1.5% on everything, no forex, and $39 annual fee
Freedom: 5x rotating categories and no annual fee (earns Chase Ultimate Reward points which can be redeemed at 1 point = 1 cent)
Sapphire Preferred: 2x on dining and travel, no forex, and $95 annual fee waived the first year (earns UR and an excellent premium travel program)
Ink+: 5x on office supply stores, cell phone, landlines, and cable, 2x on gas and hotel, no forex, and $95 annual fee waived the first year (earns UR and same program as Sapphire Preferred)
Double Cash: 1% on purchase and 1% on payment (effective 2% on everything) and no annual fee
ThankYou Preferred: 2x on dining and entertainment and no annual fee (earns TY points)
ThankYou Premier: 3x on travel including gas, 2x on dining/entertainment, no forex, and $95 annual fee waived the first year (earns Citi ThankYou points and extensive premium travel program)
Prestige: 3x on air travel and hotels, 2x on dining/entertainment, no forex, and $450 annual fee (earns TY points and additional perks beyond that of the Preferred and Premier)
It: 5% on rotating categories, no forex, and no annual fee
It Miles: 1.5x on everything, no forex, and no annual fee
Fidelity Amex: 2% on everything and no annual fee (requires Fidelity Cash Management or Brokerage account)
Cash+: 5% on 2 categories of your choice, 2% on 1 category of your choice, and no annual fee
Travel Rewards: 3x on charitable donations, 2x on category where you spend most, no forex, and $49 annual fee waived the first year
Which of these two cards for frequent US traveler?
Hello, I am having a hard time deciding which of these two cards gave better value. I would appreciate all feedback. (1) Amazon.CA Chase visa -no annual fee -no forex fee (only visa international exchange rates) -1% cash back on everything outside of Amazon.ca and 2% cash back on Amazon.ca, auto redeemed as credit every 20$ -card balance is paid in CAD$ so there is never a need to have US$ (2) QuikSilver Capital One MasterCard -1.5% back on everything. No limit. US credit card -already preapproved -no annual fee -requires me to do my own exchanges elsewhere (online, a bank, Norbert's gambit etc) -I have a US TD bank account to pay off the balance and a TD borderless and cross border bank account to transfer the funds there for free so paying it off electronically is no hassle I wasn't sure if I would save more in the long term by using the QuikSilver all the time and just doing my own conversions or if it would be more value to use Amazon's card instead. Thanks! Edit: after some more contemplation, I think the Amazon card will return more cash back than the CapitalOne card, due to the fact that having 0% for a forex fee would save more than any other forex method no matter how low it is (for eg. less than 1% for Norbert's gambit), even after taking into account Amazon's low 1% CashBack vs CapitalOne's higher 1.5%.
Benefits of Using A Forex Credit Card for Foreign Travel. Load multiple currencies: The cards can be loaded with single as well as multiple currencies. Imagine you’re visiting two different countries in a single trip, then you should ideally purchase a multi-currency forex card that allows you to load the card in different currencies. You can thus avoid the hassle of carrying two different ... When you transact using either a credit card or forex card abroad, you will be charged a price over and above the actual transaction value, known as mark-up fee. Sahil Arora - Director & Group Head, Investments, Paisabazaar.com said that swiping a credit card abroad costs cross-currency mark-up fee of 2-3.5 percent of the transaction value whereas forex cards do not incur this charge as long ... Comparison of Forex Card vs Credit Card, Debit Card, and Cash. Nov 8 16 by Subhash Sivamani. Image Source : moneymada.com Getting a Prepaid travel card is claimed by industry experts to be the safer, better and cheaper option for travellers going abroad, especially for travellers on a budget. But there is one option which is the most dependable and efficient among all – Forex Card. Apply for Credit Card. With the help of a forex card, you can carry multiple forms of currency in one single card. This is the most secure and safest form of carrying money while traveling abroad. Various banks and financial institutions provide the ... When you swipe your credit card abroad, card issuers levy cross currency mark-up fee which usually range between 2% and 3.5% of the transaction value. However, in case of a forex card if a ... You can read this post comparing Forex card, Cash, Traveller’s Cheque, Credit and Debit card. Each option is explained in detail with respect to the cost, convenience, and security in carrying money abroad. Among these, the Prepaid Travel Card or Forex Card is the most convenient and inexpensive way to carry money abroad. So let us look at what is a forex card and how does a forex card work ... For forex card, set up is nominal 100-150/- flat, and mark up is zero. For credit card, set up is 0 (assuming you already have card), and conversion rate is worse than forex, and mark up is whatever 2-3.5%. There is no reason to use credit card unless (1) you want to be able to dispute later (2) you get some reward points which make it worthwhile
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